Intimate relation is the perfect meaning of Samavaya. When
something is inseparable from its constituents, it is Samavaya.
Even if something is inseparable from its contents, and is
interdependent with them, it is Samavaya. A relation that
is either inseparable or intimate is known as samavaya.
The relationship between matter and its function, and matter
and its property is samavaya. It is one of the seven categories
of Padarth Vidnyan, which is nothing but knowledge of raw
materials, according to Ayurveda.
The other categories are
Dravya or substance, Guna or quality, Karma or deed or activity,
Pramana or evidence, Samanya or similarity, and Vishesh or
The cause that is concomitant, or a force that is combining, or
inherence that is inseparable is known as Samavaya.
Among the seven
categories of Vaiseshika, Samavaya is one. Due to the presence of
combining force or Samavaya, two Paramanus or atoms become one Dvyanuka.
The dyad is connected to its constituents, that is, the two atoms,
by Samavaya, as both dyad and atoms possess different qualities.
Samavaya is the connecting force for things that cannot exist independently.
Samavaya is not only discussed in Ayurveda but also in the scriptures, various philosophies like that of Sankara, Ramanuja or Madhwa, puranas and so on. Samyukta-Samavaya is known as united inherence.
This Samavaya is the connection between any sense organ and the attributive or active aspect of the object by virtue of attributes or Guna and actions or karma, being related to the substance through inherence. Samaveta-Samavaya is known as inherent-inherence.
This Samavaya is the connection between a sense organ and
its perception capacity of an object in its own manner or
its own inherence. There is a distinction between the one
that is universal and the one that is particular.
This distinction is real, and therefore the relation is considered
to be that of intimate union or Samavaya. The quality of Samavaya
Where Samayoga is an accidental conjunction or combination,
and quality of things, Samavaya is a necessary conjunction
or connection or bond.
The members with inseparable connections fall under the category
When you try to break the connection between the things that fall
under Samavaya, it is not possible to part them without destroying
either one or all the things in that bonding. You can produce or
destroy things under Samavaya without destroying or producing them.
The things under Samavaya are normally felt than seen. They are not normally physical things that would exist without each other. For example, quality or attribute, or property would exist with any substance, and you would not be able to part them. If you try parting the quality of the thing, the substance would cease existing. The salty taste in the salt and sweetness in sugar or jiggery are natural.
If you remove taste from salt or sugar, they would stop being salt or sugar, and that is Samavaya. Milk is a part of cow; however, if you separate the milk from the cow, both exist independently without any problem, and therefore, it is not Samavaya.